Academic Writing Complete Guide
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Exam preparation and Techniques
People have gathered to listen to your speech. However, the moments leading up to that occasion are characterized by so much preparation to juts to ensure that your speech serves the intended purpose. Writing for public speaking is not so different from other forms of writing. The idea is to engage the attention of the audience, convey your ideas logically, and use reliable evidence to support your point. The conditions for public speaking gravitate towards some writing qualities. When you write your speech, you are definitely going to address listeners as your audience. This speech is the only chance the audience to understand the information that you are reading. As such, your speech must be well organized and easily understood. You have to ensure that the contents of your speech coupled with your delivery should fit the audience.
The purpose of a speech
When people gather to listen to your speech, they are looking forward to getting something out of it. As the speaker, you must have an immediate effect on your listeners. The speech should elicit the desired response. When speeches are written, audiences are supposed to act in any of the following ways:
- Act on the speech
For instance, eulogies are supposed to evoke an emotional response from the audience, lectures stimulate the students to think about a specific topic from a different point of view whereas protest speeches recommend actions to the audience. When you are establishing the purpose of your speech, pay attention to the following:
- What you want the audience to learn or do
- If you are making an argument, know the reasons you want them to concur with you
- If they concur with you, know why you are giving the speech
- How the audience can benefit from whatever that you have to say
If you want to elicit a specific response from the audience, you must understand who they are. If you are able to identify ways of connecting with them, you can make your speech interesting. When you are thinking of ways to appeal to your audience, consider the following
- The things that they have in common with age, interests, ethnicity or gender
- The level of information they have on your topic. Will you introduce something new to them?
- The reasons they are paying attention to you and what they are seeking from your speech
- The level of details that will be effective to them
- The most effective tone to convey your message
- Identify anything that can be offensive or alienate them
Formulating an effective introduction to your speech
Use a hook to get their attention
You have to come up with a way that you will engage the attention of your listeners as they relate to your topic. If you manage to appeal to the audience on a personal level, you will be able to capture their attention and concern. This will increase the chances of your speech becoming successful. Speakers sometimes begin with anecdotes to hook the attention of the audience. You can also use shocking statistics, asking direct questions to the audience or enlisting the participation of the audience. This will have them paying attention easily.
Establish context and motive of your speech
Elucidate to the audience the significance of your topic. Consider the purpose of your speech and how you came to give it to the audience. You can also connect the material of your speech to the larger context, especially those issues that may be crucial to the audience.
Get to the point
As opposed to writing, you are supposed to get to your point right away when giving your speech. Explain how you are going to support it and do to spend too much time developing your introduction and thesis statement. Remember this is not a research paper, nor is it an essay. You need to move from the introduction to the body of your speech quickly. This will keep the audience interested. It is important that you refrain from keeping the audience guessing about your thesis until the end. If you do so and discuss the implication s of your speech to them, it might work to your disadvantage. The audience might get bored or confused.
Make your speech easy to understand
You can repeat crucial points and buzzwords
If you have a long speech, it is crucial that you keep reminding your audience about the main points that you have discussed. For instance, you can connect an earlier point or key term as you transition to finish a new point. You can also show the relationship between earlier points and the new points through a discussion that falls within a paragraph. When you use buzzwords and key terms in your essay, it keeps the audience interested. For instance, if in your thesis statement you are exposing the unethical behavior of insurance companies ensure you have used ethics recurrently instead of using ‘immoral’ or any other term.
Use previews and summaries in your speech
These types of verbal cues enable s the audience to put together pieces of your speech without too much thinking. As such, they are able to pay more attention to the contents.
Use strong transitions
This will enable the audience to see how new information connects to what they have heard so far. If you set up a counter-argument in one paragraph for you to poke holes in the next one, begin your demolition by using a statement like, “But this argument makes no sense…” If you are providing supporting information to your main point, you can say, “Another fact that supports my main point is…”
With such words, the audience is able to follow whatever information you are providing and relating it to that they have accordingly. With transitions, they are also able to follow your thought process and progression.
Help your audience to listen
- Rely on shorter, simple sentence structures
Do not get too complicated if you want the audience to remember everything that you have to say. Refrain from using too many insubordinate clauses and place subjects and verbs together.
- Limit the use of pronouns
It may become too hard for the listeners to remember what “it”, “they”, or “this” refers to. You can substitute these pronouns by using the key noun.
Maintaining the interest of the audience
- Use the ethos, pathos, and logos rhetorical strategies
When you are arguing a point, use the rhetorical strategies to assist in convincing your audience to believe you and make your argument stronger. Ethos appeal to your audience by establishing your authenticity and trustworthiness as a speaker. Pathos appeals to the emotions of the audience and logos support facts, statistics using logical arguments. In other words, It appeals to the logic of your speech. An effective speech uses a combination of these rhetorical strategies.
- Statistics and quotations should be used sparingly
You have to use the most striking factual materials to support your point of view. These things would stick with the kids of the audience long after you are done with your speech. If you do not do this, you run the risk of overwhelming the audience with too much information.
Watch your tone
Do not talk over the head of your audience, and you need not be condescending. In as much as you would want to grab their attention, refrain from yelling, shouting, cursing, using inappropriate humor or using a potentially offensive prop. That would make your audience to switch off on you.
Creating an effective concussion
Restate your main points, but do not repeat them
You can restate your major points in different words without negating their meaning. Your conclusion is very important in making a lasting impression on the audience.
Call to action
Mist speeches conclude with an appeal to the audience to take action based on their knowledge and understanding of the issue. If you intended to do this, the action that you recommend must be realistic and specific. You have to relate the purpose of your speech to their lives. This creates a connection to your audience as well as reiterating the importance of your topic to them or the bigger issue.
Practicing your speech presentation
Once you have completed writing your draft, you can read it to a friend or in front of a mirror. It sill enables you to ascertain the following:
- The clearest pieces of information
- Where the connection with the audience occurs
- Where the listeners might lose the thread of the argument of description
- Where it is possible to bore the listeners
- Where you have trouble speaking clearly or emphatically
- Ensure that your speech stays within the allotted time
These simple guidelines will help you to write a good speech. If you stick to it, you stand a chance of coming up with an engaging topic perfect for your speech. Remember that you want to create an impression as well as leave the audience with some takeaway information. As such, be ready to deliver a good speech, practice and get ready to evoke that emotion you to which you are looking forward.