Academic Writing Complete Guide

Purpose and Audience of this Guide
Why read academic articles?
Essay Writing
Report Writing
Oral Presentations
Finding Sources
Good Academic Scholarship
Understanding Feedback
Exam preparation and Techniques

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Research summary

You may have the enthusiasm of research based on different topics and methods. However, the usual research summary follows the normal structure as most research papers. A good academic research paper will include a title, the abstract, introduction, methodology, results in section, sometimes discussion, and references. While preparing to start your commentary on research experience, it is important you8 locate a good research summary template to use as a benchmark for your writing process. The first thing you do is to establish the reason for your research summary. This should infer conclusions from the written text and accentuate the specific points that it highlights.


A research summary is an academic price of writing that describes the research to a prospective audience. It provides the reader with an overview of the entire study. You have to identify vital information form the study and condense it for your audience. As such, you must have a clear understanding of your topic. This will assist you to comprehend the contents of the research summary.

Essential tips for creating your research summary

The following tips will help you to create a good research summary

  • Ensure that you know what the paper is all about
    You must have a good grasp of the main points of the paper. If you do not understand them, the writing your research summary will be a hard task to accomplish. Your research summary is supposed to show the adequacy and appropriateness of the analysis. With this knowledge in mind, you can read your work to get a grasp of the structure and essential parts of that research paper.
  • Every paragraph must have adequate attention
    Since you need to have a clear picture of everything in that paper, you should know your thesis statement, the research question, and the hypothesis of the entire paper. If you tested your hypothesis, it means to you did some little manipulations and used different techniques to prove or discard it altogether. The methodology is also important when you want to understand the figures, statistics, and tables, all of which gives credibility to your paper. Once you do that, find the best interpretations of those statistics and tables as well as of the entire experiments. Most parts of the interpretation should be yours.
  • Carry out an in-depth reading
    You can do this by proofreading t check whether your paper has any mistakes. It is also a chance to ensure that the study makes a considerable contribution to the scientific community and helps in resolving some problems connected to the subject that you have expounded in your study.
  • Sketch your conclusion
    You can do this by writing down all the major points that you are going to include in your summary. This is essential in ensuring that you stick to the point without any evasive though. In your sketch, remember to state the question, hypothesis, list your methodological approaches, include examples and interpretations from literature sources, and outline your results of the study and your personal contribution. Once you do that, make your overall conclusion.
  • Edit for style, completeness, mistakes in grammar, spelling, and structure
    You should check the correlation of research summary and the ethical considerations. You can give it to your friends to look through it and assess it. This is because whey o are too engaged in the process, you may be unable to see even the obvious mistakes and small flaws. A good pair of eyes will help in stemming out these errors.
  • Read examples of other academic papers
    Just like comparative and critical thinking essays, research summary writing can thrive if you can read some examples of other papers previously written by authors. It will provide some perspective on how best you can approach your paper.

Significance if a research summary

The following aspects highlight the significance of a good research summary. As such, you should write in a manner that satisfies the curiosity of the audience.

  • It is a summary of the contents of a research paper and is different from a research abstract
    A research abstract is different from a research summary because it includes only the implicit recommendations of the author. Research summaries do not have the recommendations since scholars operate in discursive environments where debates discussions and dialogue precede the implementation of any new research findings. The recommendations of the research findings are widespread and this stems from the conceptual nature of most academic writings. The findings are not condensed easily or usefully.
  • Research summaries become applicable when research has been developed for an organizational partner, funding entity or any other external group that was part of the study
    If this is the situation, the research summary targets policymakers who operate outside academia. Abstracts, on the other hand, are meant for the academic fraternity..; research summaries are an assignment to enable the student to develop and practice synthesis and write about the contents of the comprehensive research for external groups and stakeholders.
  • In your preparation for your research summary, you have to remember that it is not an abstract, an introduction, a preface, and neither is it a random collection of highlights.

Writing your research summary

Follow the following steps when writing your research summary

  • Read the entire document
    This is crucial if you want to write a good research summary. Go through the entire document and highlight significant statements of facts, key findings, and recommended courses of action. You will be able to organize your paper and summaries it accordingly. This is a mini-paper for your paper and should focus on recommendations.
  • Isolate all the major points within the original document
    Choose the crucial party of the document and the audience that is going to read them. These points have to appear in your summary to provide a thorough and complete explanation of the message that the original paper is trying to convey.
  • Separate all the major section
    Examine closely each section of the original document and identify the main differences in each one of them. Once you understand each section, write a few sentences for each section describing all the major ideas. The format may vary, but all the main sections of the summary include the following:

    Opening statement
    Background information
    Purpose of the research
    Data collection techniques and analysis
    Overview of findings
    Description and justification of every recommendation

At times, the recommendations are quoted verbatim from the research.

  • Combine the information
    The information that you have gathered is combined onto an executive summary that does not go beyond 10% of the original document. Since the objective of your research summary is to provide a brief explanation of the entire record, you have to be very concise. Focus on the recommendations that come out of your research. With the target audience in mind, you have to pay attention to the wording of this section. You can selectively include bullet points to enhance brevity and emphasis.
  • Reread your summary
    Before you can read your summary again, take some time off from it. When you come back, you will have an unbiased perspective on it. Return and start checking if it makes sense as a stand-alone document from the original paper.

Common mistakes to avoid when writing your research summary

Students should avoid these mistakes when they are dealing with a research summary assignment.

  • The length of the summary
    An extensive summary is not supposed to surpass 10% of the original document in terms of pages. The upper pages limit is ten. This keeps the document short and brief for the audience to read. The length also allows the paper to act as a stand-alone synopsis.
  • Copy pasting
    There are specific recommendations for research summaries in the original studies. You are not allowed to copy and paste the entire section of the original document into the research summary. Paraphrase the i9mformation from the original paper and do not take up space with excessive subtitles and lists not unless they are essential in giving the reader a better understanding of the original document.
  • Pay attention to your audience
    This is a very unlikely requirement from your instructor. However, it is possible that more than a research summary has to be written for a given document, for instance, writing for policymakers, one for private industry, and one for the philanthropist. You have to rewrite the conclusion, and could rewrite the entire research summary to meet the needs of the audience. it is necessary to consider the types of t audience that are likely to benefit from your study and make the necessary adjustments.
  • Clarity in writing
    If you want your research to be effective, you have to write in a clear language. Chances are that the audience is seeing your research for the first time. The best way to write your research summary is when the study is complete. Follow the same strategy of proofreading that you would for papers like dissertations, term papers essays and so on.

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