Academic Writing Complete Guide

Purpose and Audience of this Guide
Why read academic articles?
Essay Writing
Report Writing
Oral Presentations
Finding Sources
Good Academic Scholarship
Understanding Feedback
Exam preparation and Techniques


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Projects

In most cases, a project is an individual or collective undertaking that encompasses careful management and planning to achieve something. It is a set of planned activities that are interrelated, executed over a specific period within which certain costs and other limitations happen. In the context of project management, this refers to the organized and concrete effort that whose motivation hinges on the perceived opportunity when facing a problem, a desire, a need, or a source of discomfort. It seeks the realization of a deliverable that is unique, innovative. This can be a product, a service, a process and ion other cases a scientific research.

Since every project has a beginning and an end, it is considered to have a closed dynamic system. In project management, developing a project hinges on Planning, Process, People, and Power. The binding aspects of such a project are the costs, calendar, and norms of quality. These are determined and measured objectively along the lifecycle of a project, which must have some level of documentation the deliverables and impacts. These impacts can be either positive or negative.

Projects in the context of academia

When it comes to university and college projects, this is a collaborative or an individual academic enterprise that is carefully planned and researched by the student or a group of them. In college or university, this mostly includes an independent or collective research assignment, which must complete within a specified period. It requires a larger amount of effort and time, as well as more independent work as opposed to a normal essay assignment. The student has to find his own facts and analysis which can come from the library, internet or from empirical data gathering. The results of such project are presented in a form of a dissertation paper. This contains the project’s inception, analysis, findings, and conclusions.

Any student-led project that aims to improve knowledge and sustainability through tangible impacts should make use of the available resources within the institution for purposes of accessing data, contacts, information or even funding, upon the approval of the subject and the proposal by extension.

Project-based learning

We students are taught through project-based learning, it becomes more active and engaging since it inspires them to obtain a deeper understanding and knowledge of the subjects they are pursuing. It is also believed that this approach enhances the student's ability to retain knowledge as opposed to textbook-centered learning. It also enhances the student's self-confidence and well as directly as they wade through team-based and independent academic work.

In the course of completing their projects, students develop their organizational and research skills, better communication with their peers and other people and are able to work within a community while witnessing the positive impact of their work. Since their evaluation hinges on their projects instead of comparative narrow rules which are defined by their exams, written reports, and essays, the project based assessment becomes more meaningful to them. They are able to see how their academic work connects to the real world and are inspired to pursue a career or engage in activism that resonates with the projects they have developed.

Students can blossom on the grander tractability of their project. When they participate in the traditional project assessment, their evaluation feet on presentations they make to a community audience, informative excursions of a local historical site base on the are recently acquired expertise or screening of a movie they that they developed, filmed, and produced.

The utilization of project-based learning is a sure way of integrating technology into the curriculum. A typical project can give room to computers and the internet as well as whiteboards, GPS devices, digital still cameras, video cameras, and editing equipment. If this approach is adopted in a classroom or school at large, it can rejuvenate the learning environment, energizing the curriculum and a real-life experience and relevance. This will spark the student’s desire to explore, investigate, and understand the world in which they are living.

Writing your project

Many projects in high school or college require a student to incorporate a synthesis of summary illustrating the major points and findings of the project. It should demonstrate the development process of the project and good conclusions illustrated by the entire project. The paper must take a chronological order of contents, which gives the writer the ability to reflect on the development and implementation of the project. Good preparation starts from prewriting, which makes the writing process easier and smooth. This results in a good and well-written project paper. Class guidelines are very crucial when it comes to writing your project. They are the basis of your structure and the project must fit within those guidelines.

The general structure of your project paper

Your project paper must contain the following sections:

  • A sign declaration that shows you have completed your work
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents
  • The body

You have to be aware of other requirements that your instructor might need to be added. As such, it is important for you to read instructions carefully. If you have a good grasp of the components of your project, the writing process will not be that tedious or challenging.

Formulating the outline

Your outline should reflect the significant goals of your project. Include a summary and conclusion of the project. It is important that you label the project in Roman Numerals. In your outline, it is important you give the project focus as well as the core goals or the project. When developing your thesis statement, ensure that it reflects the overall discussion of your paper.

Every main body paragraph should be labeled using Roman numerals, which represents a single idea. Every paragraph must have a topic sentence that indicates the idea that is going to be discussed there. In your outline, you can include notes or thoughts that reflect the project at hand. If you are using any graphs, tables, charts, or diagrams, they can be incorporated into the main body of the outline to emphasize your point.

Close your outline with the major conclusions as well as the main points of the project. You can also include any major studies or graphs that help in making a good conclusion about the significance of your project as well as suggestions for further examination of your topic. An outline becomes very important during the writing process of your project.

Organization of the project paper

The typical organization of any academic paper includes the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. The outline that you have developed becomes applicable at this stage.


  • The abstract
    There are times when you will be required to include the abstract or not. If you have to, then you have to know that it is a summary of the entire paper, which should incorporate your key points. An abstract does not go beyond a single paragraph and in most cases, it amounts to a maximum of 300 words. Your abstract should not reveal any intricate details about the development and implementation of your project. This information is supposed to come later in the project.
  • The introduction
    Besides being interesting, the introduction should provide the fundamental information that concerns the entire project. Provide a background for the development of the project as well as a thesis statement, which is the footing of your paper. The way you write the introduction and the contents that you include determines the direction of your paper.
  • Literature review
    This is where you discuss the existing knowledge and discourse of the topic. This hinges on what the experts on the field are saying. Your literature review should thrive on professional journals, periodicals, and peer-reviewed articles and so on. The literature review includes an overview of your topic with recent discoveries or the challenges to previously held beliefs. The dates of the publications that you use in your literature review ought to be recent. In other words, the information that you use in this section must be current.
  • Results and discussion
    This section explains the projects and discusses its implementation. When you are discussing the results, show the audience how they can derive relevant information from the results. The results may or may not be what you have expected. , should there be relevant charts and graphs, this is where you include them.
  • Conclusions and recommendations
    Your conclusion should highlight the importance of your project. Wrap up your ideas by recommending necessary steps with regard to your topic. It is crucial to avoid including any new information, ideas, facts or evidence in the conclusion.

When writing your project, you should not:

  • Have a weak thesis statement
  • Have inadequate research or lack thereof when developing your thesis statement
  • Fail to cite and reference your sources appropriately

You ought to be able to create a connection between your thesis statement and supporting statements.

Whether you are engaged in a group project or not, ensure that the work you present shows your independence of thought. Every project requires commitment and investment in time.


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