Academic Writing Complete Guide
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Exam preparation and Techniques
How to Write a Non-Chronological Report
This is a piece of non-fiction writing that defies the time order. All you need to have is an opening sentence. The introduction to your non-chronological report must give the reader an idea of what the report entails. When writing your non-chronological reports, you should avoid using phrases like “My report is going to…” or “I am writing a report about…” The notes for your report should be organized into main ideas, and subheadings. Each main idea is supposed to be written in its independent paragraph. When using subheading for each part of your topic, it will be easy to remember details that you want to incorporate into your paragraph. Your ideas should have a logical flow, and as such, you are not supposed to jump haphazardly from one point to the other.
Refrain from using personal pronouns such as “I’ and ‘Me.’ The language that you use in your non-chronological report is supposed to be impersonal. Instead, use business-like language I your report. The information on your non-chronological report ought to be factual. It is also important to use some descriptive phrases within your report to add more interest to it. The conclusion of your report is supposed, to sum up, any information that you have discussed in your non-chronological report. You also have to recap major points.
Some of the information text that is written in chronological order includes:
This text elucidates a process, which happens or happened in a specific order. For instance, it can be about the events of a battle or moments leading up to it.
This is a simple re-telling of something that is time ordered. The even has to have happened in real life such as a trip to the park or the life of President Abraham Lincoln
This is a report that includes numbered points on how to do something. In other words, it is a how-to report. For instance, a recipe that tells about how to cook some food.
The above information is different from the features of a non-chronological report. As such, non-chronological reports are mostly based on a single topic. It includes different facts of that topic. Children can be required to read and write non-chronological reports about anything. It can be a country, an animal, sport, or planet.
The chronological report can be based on any of the following sources:
- Non-fiction books
- School project
- Tourist guidebook
- Encyclopedic entry
- Reports on historical figures
- Characteristics and habitats of animals and plants
- Reports on the geographical features of different places like rivers and mountains
The structure of the non-chronological reports
The title is also the topic of the non-chronological report. Just like any other form of writing, you should have a captivating article because this is the first thing that audience will see. As such, it should be captivating enough to make them want to read the contents of your report
This paragraph tells the reader what the report is all about. The reader must be hooked at this point to know whether he will continue with the report or discard it all together. When writing your introduction, use simple and straightforward language. This will enable the reader to have an easy understanding of the report. The simplicity of the language that you use in the introduction should the reflected throughout your report. However, ensure that you do not digress from the original purpose of the report.
The body paragraphs
In your non-chronological reports, your ideas are supposed to be discussed in new paragraphs. In other words, every idea that you have must take a single paragraph. As such, every paragraph must have a specific topic sentence that tells the reader of the idea being discussed in that particular paragraph. Use facts and description to formulate your details. Your body paragraphs can be subdivided into heading s and subheadings. These will enable the reader to understand easily. However, the ideas do not have to follow any chronological order, as suggested by the name of this report. Write your body paragraphs in present continuous tense. However, for historical non-chronological reports, you have to write them in past tense. When you are still writing, ensure that your report maintains a formal tone and has the subject-specific vocabulary. Use connective words to link your ideas. For instance, you can use words like but, so, and, because, as well as however.
This last paragraph that should summarize your major points. You should provide your audience with a sense of closure. The conclusion of this report and any other form of writing limits the information that is included in it. In fact, you are not supposed to add any new information, facts, or evidence to the conclusion. This would negate the purpose of the conclusion, which is to provide closure to the audience. Ensure that you close with a sentence that leaves an immediate impression and a long lasting thought in the minds of the audience.
Referencing and citation
Any information that you use within your non-chronological report must be duly acknowledged and cited. Depending on the format you have used, ensure that you formulate a list of all the sources you have used at the end of your report. This should come on a clean page.
If this is a requirement in your non-chronological report, it should include the supplementary i9nfrmatiinn that could not fit within the body of your report. Graphs, tables, figures, as well as the charts and pictures you have, can come in the appendices. They enhance a clear and better understanding of whatever you were talking about. They also should make sense independently. Label them accordingly to ensure they are clear.
Progression in non-chronological reports
These reports describe the way things are and provide to the reader an understanding and a vision of the things being described. These reports put the information under different categories, for instance, climate or appearance. They rely more on a logical structure as opposed to a temporal structure. This is why they are referred to as non-chronological reports. They provide precise details, and they aim to be objective. However, the selection of the information included in this report can be biased. In learning contexts, these reports can be combined with other types of texts. They are found in areas of curriculum, particularly in science and geography.
Children are supposed to pay attention to, speak, read, and write explanations for different audiences. They must consider varying language features and structure of the text to fit the audience as well as the purpose.
The structure of this report is often an opening, a general classification, or a description of a phenomenon. This comes in terms of qualities, parts, and their functions, habits or uses.
The language features of the text are often written in the third person, present tense, and non-chronologically. They also include a passive voice in chances where the report involves historical events. It also focusses on generic subjects, descriptive language that includes language comparison and contrast. This creates precision instead of emotion or effect in the entire essay.
Knowledge of the writer
The writer must plan the headings in the form of notes, use a range of resources for evidence and information, and select facts from sources to keep the reader interested. He can also use a question in the title to engage and intrigue the reader. When writing the report, he has to maintain clarity t so that he does not muddle the reader. He should be able to use the introduction to show the reader what he is writing about, establish a perspective to lire the reader in. He should also be able to use tables, figures, pictures, diagrams and other resources to add more information and to make the report effective. He should behave the ability to end the report by creating a relationship between the subject and the evidence. Non-chronological reports are factual, and as such, you are free to add comments or use questions to engage the reader.
As a good writer, you have to read your work severally to ensure that you have put your information according to the purpose. You also are able to ascertain that the discussion text is adapted or combined with other text. This depends on the audience that you are addressing as well as the purpose of your non-chronological report.
Achieving progression in a non-chronological repor
Progression is achieved through the following:
- Speaking and listening which happens before reading and writing of the report
- Teacher modeling and scribing that precedes the children’s independent attempt on the report
- Increased understanding of the form and features of the type of text by the student. This is then followed by the increased ability to manipulate the elements of different test types to meet the writing purpose.
- Increasing the ability to evaluate text and their work
The chronological reports they write ought to be neat, and clear.