Academic Writing Complete Guide

Critical analysis essays guides & tips

Critical analysis essays are written to evaluate another person’s work. The essay can be based on a book, movie, a painting, or even an article. The idea of writing a critique is to get a better understanding of someone’s work. A critical essay is subjective since it involves expressing the writer’s point of view or opinion in the text evaluation. The analysis is the breakdown of the work into parts in order to study them.

When writing a critical analysis essay, you require doing the critical reading as well as critical writing. While on campus, you will be required to make a critical analysis of a research paper, literary works, or even a painting. Science and arts students also have to do a critical analysis of previous work to demonstrate their knowledge in a given professions When you write as good critical analysis paper, you provide the audience with a piece that reflects the positive and negative aspects of a given work

Critical analysis essays

Critical reading

For you to write a perfect critical analysis paper, you have to engage in critical reading. This helps you t identify the author’s analysis and purpose. While you are doing critical reading, consider the following aspects:

  • Identify the purpose and analysis of the author
  • Identify all the major ideas to help you in the analysis of the structure of the passage
  • Use a dictionary or encyclopedia to understand the material that is that you are not familiar with
  • Describe the work or make its outline
  • Summarize the work
  • Determine the purpose which can be to inform using the factual material, to persuade with an appeal to reason or emotions, to entertain
  • Evaluate how the author has achieved his purpose
    • If the author was informing, ascertain if the material was presented, accurately, and with an order of coherence
    • If the author was trying to persuade, establish if there is evidence, logical reasoning or contrary evidence
    • If the writer was entertaining, show how he affected emotions; do the audience members cry, laugh or are they angry? Show how and why it affected you

While you are still doing your critical reading, you can consider the following aspects

  • The organization of the material
  • The target audience
  • The writer’s assumptions about the audience
  • The kind of language and imagery applied by the author

Outlining your critical essay

Sometimes the student will work re or samples to help them when they are writing their critical essays receive outlines. With an outline, a student gets a sketch of how the ideas ought to flow in this type of writing. An outline is a fundamental element especially in this type of academic writing. If there is no provision for that, then you can make yours or follow the one below:

  • Background information
    It provides the audience with an overview of the work that you are going to analyze critically. Background information includes crucial details and is an important part of this essay since it is the foundation for your evaluation. The type of information you include in this section ought to be brief and clear. You have to include the following:
  • Information about the work
    • The title of the work
    • Name of the author
    • Publication information
  • Statement of topic and purpose
  • Thesis statement
    This indicates the main argument of the writer or his reaction towards the piece of work
  • Summary
    A good summary is premised on a good and critical reading of the piece of work that you are evaluating. It is an important part of writing a good critical analysis.
  • Interpretation
    The construction of this part differs from one writer to another. It is supposed to be a subjective interpretation based on the experiences and honest opinion of the writer. These opinions can be either negative or positive. The way you write this part of your essay will demonstrate your proficiency as well as your personality.
  • Discussion of the organization of the work
  • Discussion of the style used by the author
  • The effectiveness of the work
  • Discussion on the author has treated his topic
  • Discussion of the appeal to a specific audience

There are different critical analysis examples that you can utilize. These examples should provide answers to some of your questions. When you are writing your critical analysis, refrain from using phrases like “I think…” or “In my opinion…” they do not show the analysis of the work. The critical analysis that you write is not supposed to be about you. Remember always to mention the title of the work that you are critiquing.

Critical analysis essays writing

The analysis you are writing must address the following aspects

  • Show if controversies are surrounding either the passage or its topic
  • Determine if the topic is of current interest
  • The general value of the passage
  • The strengths and weaknesses of the passage

When you are writing, you have to pay attention to the guiding questions that are provided to you. When you are them, you will miss any detail in your critical analysis essay. Provide support o the statements you make with the text that has been provided to you. A critical analysis essay goes beyond informing the audience and evaluates its worth, utility, distinction, excellence truth, validity, beauty or goodness of the work. You will make your opinion, but you have to ensure that they are fair and well informed. You have the liberty to explore every side of the analysis, but ensure that you remain steadfast in your belief. Give an honest opinion and ensure that your review provides information, evaluation, and interpretation. The readers will understand the nature of the work under analysis, interpretation will elucidate the meaning of the work, and as such, it requires a good understanding of it. Evaluation discusses your opinions of the work besides presenting a valid justification for them.

Writing your critical analysis essay

Since you want to criticize the work of an author, you have to with a well-structured, reasoned, and clear essay. You describe your attitude towards the text, but it is unnecessary to give only the negativity. You have to agree or disagree with the author of the piece under analysis. This calls for strong support of your point of view with strong arguments and evidence on where the author went wrong or right. When writing your critical analysis essay, you have to consider the intro, the body, and the conclusion. Let us put them into perspective.


  • The introduction
    This is the preview of the entire critical analysis essay. Start it with an intriguing and engaging lead that grabs the audience’s attention. Outline the major ideas the work together with the author’s thesis statement. Present your thesis statement and begin to discuss your topic.
  • The body
    This is where you develop the discussion of your topic. Every paragraph of the body should provide answers to the questions stated in the introduction. It should include evidence, quotes, and examples that support your position. The body of the analysis can be subdivided into sections. The idea is to have a topic sentence for each paragraph. Every topic sentence presents an idea bundle in a given paragraph. It is then backed up by supporting sentences that illustrate your point and then a conclusion that sums up the topic sentence. Everything in such a paragraph should support your position or your thesis statement.
  • Conclusion
    When you are concluding your critical analysis essay, you restate your perspective. The introduction is supposed to tie to the intro but not repeat it. You have to show the readers your major points about the text and come up with a strong final argument that hinges on your previous explanations. Do not include anything new in your conclusion regarding information facts or evidence that you are not discussed in the body of your paper.
Critical Analysis Writing Service

Common pitfalls to look out for

Remember that you are providing a critical analysis of previously written work and as such, you have to ensure your reader gets the accurate information and interpretation of the topic or the work. You can also place the topic in a larger context to enhance a better understanding. Several mistakes abound when writing your critical analysis essay.

  • Lack of enough preparation
    This essay demands the writer to be adequately prepared in order to make a detailed review of the work in question. Do not undertake a task whose information is not clear. You have to prepare by reading the work critically and know what you want to achieve in it.
  • Refrain from using bad research
    You have to critically your subject as well as any other source that you intend to use. To avoid bad research, you must intimately familiarize yourself with the work that you are analyzing.
  • Poor structure
    If you have taken some notes, read them and identify a specific pattern. They will have a recurring idea that you can make your major theme. This will help you to remain organized from the onset. If your analysis is not clear, it will not achieve its purpose.