Academic Writing Complete Guide

Causal essays

Thys type of essay answers the why question by clarifying the world in which human beings live. This essay enables the reader to understand the complex series of events that help in shaping lives. The interest s of different people in causal relationships develops very early, and this is why you will find children asking why. A causal essay investigates and examines the consequences that result from events. In other words, this provides meaning and understands as to why these events happen and the effects that subsequently follow. When writing your causal essay, it is crucial to consider the topic that you are dealing with, the support and the stricture that makes this essay more clearly to the audience.

Writing this essay also introduces the students to source-based writing. A bigger percentage of the papers that students will write in college are source-based. Causal essays demand the student to have at least four sources for his paper. The idea is to read and assimilate the information, and then include it in their work as evidence and support. Weill, this essay might not be encountered in the professional life, but the ability to recognize and to incorporate cause and effect data is very crucial. For instance, when there is an investigation concerning a plane crash, the idea is to find the accused that led to that accident. This is just an example of what a causal essay is utilized outside the classroom. This makes it crucial for the writer to understand it altogether.

Causal essays

Choosing your topic

Students have different capabilities when it comes to their writing skills. There are those who face few struggles whereas others find writing this type of essay, a total nightmare. If you want to write a good causal essay, you have to use a good topic as its foundation. When choosing the topic, you have to consider the following:


  • To focus on the causes, take into account why events happen as they do You can write about your choice of college, the events that triggered World War 1 or why people prefer online learning. Give careful thoughts to the causes that lead to results and why.
  • When focusing on effects, think about the consequences and their importance The potential topics you can write about include the effects of broken homes on children, the impact a teacher can have on your or the consequences of dropping out of college.

Mistakes involved when choosing a topic

Choosing a topic for your causal, essay comes with its fair share of challenges. There are students who commit mistakes during this stage, and they include:

  • Picking a topic that is too broad
    When a student goes for this type, it becomes challenging because there is too much ground to cover in a short essay. As such, the essay becomes shallow and lacks depth. It also sounds rushed. These mistakes should be avoided at any time. Any broad topic should not be the basis of your causal essay.
  • Confusing causes and reasons
    Now, a cause has a direct effect. It elucidates on how the event occurred. For instance, if your pit water in a freezer, you know that you will get ice. The reasons will explain why it took place. The focus of the reason in a causal essay is why something happened. For instance, if you do not study for a test a day before, the outcome is not as clear. The outcome is not automatic. The reason for performing badly in a test might not result from lacking enough of not studying. When choosing a topic, you have to settle on the one whose cause and effect have a clear relationship.
  • Confusing causation and correlation
    This can happen even when there is no cause and effect relationship. For instance, in a five-year study that covers an increase in inflation, the study can note that the sales of a specific product have increased. This does not imply that the inflation has resulted from the hiked prices of a commodity. There may be a relationship between the two aspects, but one does not cause the other. You have to choose a topic that has a clear causal relationship because that will make your work easier.
causal essay topics

Creating a thesis

Your causal essay will have to revolve around a single sentence that is your thesis statement. It explains the overall point of the essay and the ideas that are necessary to support your argument in a manner that is logical and clear.

The introduction

This paragraph introduces the reader to the topic. This is the first place that you make the proverbial first impression on the reader. You have to engage his attention and hook them so that they can continue reading. One way to do that is to incorporate the use of narratives. You can begin with a real case study on an issue. Then close your introduction with your thesis statement.
You can also use questions as a way to grab the reader’s attention. You can also use a personal anecdote or a famous quote. Whatever works for you, ensure you use it to attract their attention.

The body

This is where you discuss your points exhaustively with every paragraph covering a single cause or effect. When you are writing the body of your essay, consider the following aspects:


  • You must have a topic sentence that identifies the idea being discussed in the paragraph. It should be supported by several sentences that back it up describing the causal relationship.
  • Include evidence from reliable and credible sources to support your argument
  • It should also contain an in-text citation formatted in conformity with MLA style of referencing and formatting. The sources are to be listed in the Works Cited page. Every entry you make on the page should be traced in the body of your text.
  • Any information that you write verbatim should be put under quotation marks
  • It should have summary sentences that draw conclusions from the evidence presented
  • It is crucial that you remember to ident any information you get from outside sources and the middle of the paragraph.
  • Ensure that you use transitions in your paragraphs. They enhance the flow of ideas as well as assisting the reader to follow the progression of your thoughts.

The conclusions

The key points that you have used in your causal essay should help you to draw important conclusions from your essay. This should be done in light of the evidence that is available in the paper. As you write your introduction, you have to tier to the central argument of the paper that is made known in the introduction. If for instance, you began with a story, you have to draw conclusions from that story. The same case should happen if you started with a question.

Works Cited

This type of bibliography conforms to the Modern Language Association, (MLA) guidelines. Citations are supposed to be double-spaced and placed in alphabetical order by the last name of the author, and if there is no the author, the title of the work becomes applicable.

The first line of every entry should be placed on the left margin with subsequent lines of that entry indented half an inch.

Once you have followed these guidelines, so you can now start revising your work. This involves proofreading and editing. The idea is to ensure that the work is flawless, especially if you are looking forward to a good grade.

When you start proofreading, ensure that your deal with mistakes that relate to grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Correct these mistakes to enhance the readability of your causal essay. Ensure the punctuation is correct so that it does not negate the meaning of a statement or a phrase. Ensure that every word is written in its correct spelling. It is important to read the work aloud so that you can listen to how it sounds. The essay should maintain the original purpose.

Once you do that, get another person to look at your essay. He will be able to notice mistakes that you could not see. Use his or her feedback o fine tune everything in your causal essay. After that, you can prepare the final draft and submit it to your instructor.

Types if causa essay topics that you can use

The following topics can serve as a starting point especially if you are facing difficulties in originating one

  • Why was President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated?
  • How a tsunami forms
  • How animals become extinct
  • How did we arrive at the various versions of the Bible?
  • How gene therapy works
  • Factors that lead to drought and famine
  • Reasons why some tornadoes are more destructive than others
  • How the first world war stated
  • How road salt prevents accidents
  • The aspects that led to the growth of imperialism
  • Howe grammar ruled helped in the development of the English language

The list can go on, but it narrows down to the student to choose the one that piques his interest, and then use it as a basis for his causal essay.


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