Academic Writing Complete Guide

Case Studies: How to Write Case Study

Case study problems provide an instructional context for presenting and learning information. It requires a different format that necessitates the formulating of an original synthesis. This can sometimes present a serious challenge to a student. Case studies have been around for the longest time and they present to a student real-life scenarios that they can explore. These scenarios also depict come of the challenges that the might face in their chosen fields. The student can apply what he has learned in their coursework to analyze the problem and suggest possible solutions.

Case studies have also been utilized in the curricular of medicine law as well as educational schools. Any disciplines can adopt case studies if they employ creative thinking. As future professionals, students will be faced with many unique problems. Their ability to solve these problems will hinge on not only awareness of theories and practices in the field, but also on innovation and creativity. It is better for the student to first engage with those case studies that have already been established and then write their own.

A good case study must hinge on an original synthesis. The students must, therefore, assemble the case study piece by piece which helps them draw upon original and real scenarios they have faced in their lives as well as creating a fictional scenario. This not only helps the traditional-age students but also those people who might be returning to get their degrees having spent considerable time in the field.

Case Study writing

Original synthesis

This often plays with ideas, provides an informed overview of the subject, critiques, evaluates results, and demonstrates personal input. Simply put, it should have the voice of the author throughout. Case studies can take many forms, but the good ones have intrinsic general interest. They tell a story that often involves a current controversy or dilemma requiring a decision that foots on incomplete information. Pedagogically, they are supposed to incorporate higher order thinking skills, which include analysis, evaluation, and judgment. They also stimulate group discussion, as well as collective effort.

You can possibly formulate a case study problem considering what you have learned about a topic after a sustained study. Therefore, you can decide the most important and fascinating concepts, you need the audience to know. You then pay attention to the ways you can get your peers to discover experience and learn that using your format. There is no need of covering everything you have learned, but you have to justify what you include or leave out.

When you are dealing with case studies, you need a theme that connects with different stages and provides a narrative flow. However, ensure that the narrative does not negate the attention from the contents. A case study becomes more effective if it uses a real-life situation as the foundation. You can explore historical themes, relevant current events, chemical demonstrations, illustrative objects, or in-class activities as your creative base. Remember that every topic lends itself different approach. To stimulate the interest of the readers, you must use an appropriate illustration that is original or cited from sources.
Organize your case study problem well, clearly written and have not less than four or five stages each taking two pages.

Approaches to using in your case study assignment

Regardless of whether you are dealing with a problem-oriented or analytical case study, you have to consider the following steps. They are crucial in the writing process.


  • Read the case thoroughly and get the whole picture
    This will enable you to establish what happened with regard to the events, factors, and connections in deep details. The theoretical approach is applicable when explaining your findings.
  • Identify the reasons
  • Develop and assess possible solutions
  • Make suggestions if possible

The format and structure of your case study

Case studies can the make the format of an essay or a report. The write is very instrumental in deciding the structure that is going to be used in writing the case study paper. If you are not sure about the format, it is important you consult your lecturer. Your case study presentation can begin with an overview of the case study problem. It should discuss the importance of the topic and contextualize it relevantly. You can make an obscure topic relevant and fascinating by the general principles that have been used.

The importance of case studies

Case study research methods involve up-close, detailed, and comprehensive investigation of a topic of study and its related contextual position. You get the understanding of an issue that is complex. The case under investigation can be an even, a person, a group, or an organization. With case studies, you are in apposition to expand the knowledge or add strength to the existing knowledge acquired through previous research.
With a contextual analysis, the writer pegs his study on a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships.


Advantages of using case studies in a research

  • They are comprehensive
    They provide a holistic review where research is allowed to utilize tools that would not be applicable to other standalone research methods. It allows the writer to develop a comprehensive and detailed understanding of the subject to establish a credible forum to look at the factors that affect a specific case study extensively.
  • They reduce bias
    When you use case studies, you are likely to reduce bias since they allow for a diversity of opinion. Case studies do not use a single view of an individual but use a survey response to an interview question. Once you allow diversity of opinion, there is no room for bias and the case study will enhance the understanding of a topic under investigation.

Cast study limitations

  • Permissions
    There is no guarantee of confidentiality when it comes to case study respondents. Their identity is important in painting the real picture of what is taking place. According to some researchers, respondents are more comfortable in situations where they are guaranteed of their confidentiality. Conversely, it becomes hard for the writer to provide a comprehensive study. If you want to give a comprehensive case study, you must seek the confirmation of the respondents that the material they provide is accurate as well as anonymous. The confidence of both parties is enhanced. However, getting that confirmation can take time leading to the restatement of that published research.
  • Time
    When it comes to case study research, you must invest in time. It takes a lot of time to complete a case study research since you have to plan for multiple interviews, waiting for the data to come in, coordinating focus groups as well as other resourceful activities. If you are depending on volunteer case study, participants who have to attend to their daily errands this can present a problem. You can use the incentive to at least overcome this challenge and give the respondents and outline of what is expected of them from the onset. This will see you receive relevant data early enough.
  • Broad relevance
    It is hard to generalize the findings. Conversely, if a case study belongs to a broader research, it can investigate common problems in a comprehensive manner.
how to write case study

How to determine your case study research questions

You have to come up with the questions that you will use in your case study. The study must provide relevant answers and as such, the questions that you formulate just concern the problem under investigation. This will also help you in determining the purpose of your study. When writing your case study, focus on answering the “Hows” and “Whys”. These questions are limited to a specific number of events or conditions and how they relate to each other. To formulate these questions, it is best for you to conduct a literature review.


  • Choose your case study and decide the data collection and analysis technique
    You have to decide the approach that you are going to use in selecting single or multiple-real life cases for your investigation. If it concerns multiple cases, each has to be determined individually. It is also your prerogative to decide the instruments that you are going to use in the data collection process and the approach.
  • Prepare to collect your data
    Case studies generate a substantial amount of data. The researcher must be able to organize this data systematically and avert cases of confusion or getting overwhelmed by data.
  • Collecting the data in the field
    When the researcher has collected data from the field, he must sore it comprehensively and systematically. This will make it easier to trace any data that he plans on using.
  • Evaluating and analyzing data
    It is important to examine raw data using different interpretations. This makes it easy for the researcher to draw connections between the outcome and objectives or the research without forgetting the research questions.
  • Preparing the report
    The data must be interpreted with the audience in mind. They should be able to understand an otherwise complex idea or problem. The audience can question or examine the study to infer the independence of they ought of the researcher.

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