Academic Writing Complete Guide

Purpose and Audience of this Guide
Why read academic articles?
Essay Writing
Report Writing
Oral Presentations
Finding Sources
Good Academic Scholarship
Understanding Feedback
Exam preparation and Techniques


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Assignments Reports

Writing assignment reports is an integral part of a student’s life. It does not have to be difficult, as many students would think. If you use the right approach, you will quickly learn how to organize your information to come up with well-researched research report. It does not matter the subject that you are dealing with. The same steps apply in writing your assignment reports. As you progress in learning, there would more new steps that you will, follow or more specific formats that you can use.

It is okay for you to put your ideas on paper, brainstorm, and organize the ideas it no one major argument. You can also arrange the supporting ideas logically and then label them. You can leave some room under each label to add more notes as you continue. Your research should use an outline as the premise. Your ideas should have at least three facts that provide support. If there are holes in your research, you will be a label to notice them. Library catalogs are important if you are looking for information to fill in those gaps. If you carry out these steps, you will land strong evidence as opposed to going on the internet. You can also keep a record of the bibliographic information of your sources.

Types of reports

There are four major types of assignment reports. They include:

  • Information or description reports
  • Reports on investigations or studies
  • Science reports
  • Math reports

All these reports are composed of different sections that vary according to eh assignments specifications or module guide of the assignment. You have to ascertain the sections required for your assignment by referring to the assignment module. Use the title of your report to ask the question that is to be addressed because it indicates the topic. Your assignment report must include the following sections.


  • The abstract
    If it is a science or math report, it will include what was done, how it and the major findings. Conversely, in an informational report, the abstract is a short paragraph that summarizes the major findings.
  • The introduction
    If this is a mathematics assignment report, the idea is to provide important background information that incorporates the context where necessary and defines key terms. In a science report, you outline the aim of the report and explain the reasons for carrying out the investigation. It also puts the report in the context of previous works. An informational report, on the other hand, gives the aim of the reported includes the background information. it provides a definition of key terms and shows the best approach to a question. It is important to elucidate what you do not intend to write about. This indicates the scope of your entire report.

    Irrespective of the report you are writing, your introduction should always be attention-grabbing. Provide your thesis statement at the end of the introductory paragraph. This states the major argument of your report and outlines what the report is going to discuss in details.
  • The main body
    This section is broken down into sections and subsections. This includes the discussion, the report findings, and the methodology. In a mathematics report, it is likely to have these sections in the body paragraphs:
    • Modeling
      This is the assumption made, description of the model, which includes the choice of variables, and parameters, the mathematics used, interpretation and the evaluation of the results.
    • Proof
      This states what stands to be proved and the details of the proof
    • History
      This enumerates the supporting and opposing facts which are essential u developing the argument.
  • In a science report, the main body must have these sections:
    • Materials and methods together with experimental details
    • Results of the experiments performed followed by a commentary that concerns the data presented in the form of graphs, charts, images, diagrams or tables.
    • Discussion, which critically interprets the results presented, based on the observation of the researcher.
  • In an information report, the main body is divided into sections with subheadings. Points can be bulleted or numbered. Every point is supposed to be supported by relevant evidence or an example.

An important aspect to keep in mind is that every paragraph in the body of your report must start with a topic sentence, regardless of the type of report you are writing. The purpose of the topic sentence is to make known the idea that the paragraph will be discussing. It is subsequently followed by supporting sentences. Your paragraphs are supposed to utilize transitions to enhance the smooth flow of information between paragraphs. It is also essential to use transitional sentences that connect but do not expressly indicate the idea to be discussed in the subsequent paragraph. Everything you discuss in your body paragraphs of the report should resonate and support your central argument.


  • Conclusion and recommendations
    This section may not be necessary if you are writing a science or math assignment. The recommendations can be included to aid in further research on your topic. In an information report, you will have a conclusion that summarizes the major points of information. generally6, in any type of academic writing, conclusions happen to limit the kind of information to include. The rule is that you are not supposed to include any information, evidence, or facts that you have not discussed in the body of your paper. This would not make your paper complete and would not help in hammering your point in the minds of the audience.
  • References
    It is important to consult your module material to ascertain the format necessary for this section. When writing your references, you are not supposed to add any source that you have not used in your paper. The instructors are always looking to find out if this has happened in your paper. The entries that you make in your reference list should be traced in the body of your report.
  • Proofread your report
    This helps in making sure that you have followed the right format necessary for your report. You also check for mistakes that relate to grammar, spelling, and punctuation. When revising your work, you have to ascertain that every paragraph has discussed exhaustively, a single idea that supports your thesis statement. To achieve this, read your paper aloud and you will notice any awkward phrases or inconsistent sentences. Eliminate these mistakes and ensure that the transitions used are clear and enough because they enhance the progression of your thoughts.

Assignment report writing mistakes to look out for

Students in colleges and universities understand the struggles of coming up with the best papers and are flawless. When it comes to dealing with an assignment, it will be easier to notice a bigger adjustment. There are mistakes you have to be aware of when you are writing your assignment6 reports. You have several steps that you can use to avoid these mistakes and they are as follows:


  • Bad spelling and grammar
    Bad grammar and spelling might stand between you and pass an exam. Do not always rely on spellcheck programs to do the work for you. They are not foolproof and can miss important spellings. There is s possibility if the spellcheck program correcting the spelling of the word it uses a homonym. This will definitely negate the meaning of a sentence. There is no lecture that will allow sloppy spellings in assignment reports and give you a good mark. Go through your work to ensure it is free from errors and tough on grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
  • Lack of enough evidence or its absence altogether
    In academic writing, you have to use a large number of credible sources to support your argument. If it lacks evidence, your document will not be credible. Use the evidence to validate your claims. You might not get many marks for using different sources, but if you critically analyze every point, you will be able to make an informed conclusion. It demonstrates your understanding of the problem and its relationship to other theories that are relevant.
  • Plagiarism
    This is one of the most frowned upon mistakes in the academic world. If you copy ideas and present them as your own, that amounts to plagiarism. In academic writing, once you use someone else’s work, you are supposed to cite and reference it appropriately. This should follow the guidelines of the format that your instructor has preferred. Plagiarism has very strict rules and far-reaching consequences for the culprits.
  • Poor structure
    Every assignment must follow a structure. If you do not follow that structure, you will lose good marks. This is what makes your report cohesive, and it is only important that you write the report in the format of the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. This should also be in light of other sections that are required in your report. The style and structure help one in discussing the point exhaustively. You get the idea of where to put necessary information and the extent to which you will discuss it. This is very applicable in every type of assignment that you get.

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