Academic Writing Complete Guide

Argumentative essays

Persuasive essays, as they are also known, are pieces of writing in which the writer tries to sway the audience into believing in his point of view. The writer has to prefer one position on an issue whether for or against it. As such, the essay takes a persuasive approach that the writer uses to argue out his point. When writing an argumentative essay, you have to select a topic that has two opposing sides. You have to investigate, collect, generate and evaluate every piece of evidence available. The purpose of the essay is to lay out your position as concisely as possible.

Argumentative essays call for empirical research where one collects data using interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. The student gets to understand the topic from the kind of detailed research he conducts. He also gets to understands direct points of view concerning the matter, and this helps him in making the right decision on which position to take. He then supports his position using evidence. Irrespective of the topic, that one chooses to research on, your argumentative essay must have a clear thesis statement that follows the sound reasoning.

When writing your essay, ensure that it meets the following aspects:

  • Strong facts that use relevant and well-researched evidence as support
  • Relevant values that are clear to enable the reader get your perspective
  • Prioritized facts and importance that character use your argument
  • Formidable conclusions inferred throughout the entire essay and stated at the end
  • Persuasion that uses facts that the audience agree with as well as the values they share
  • Confident and effective communication that is full of persuasion
  • Incorporating pertinent topics that evoke emotional responses

The structure of an argumentative essay

The structure of your argumentative essay is crucial because it lays out the specifics of evidence of how you are going to argue and conclude effectively. Before you start writing, you have to narrow down your topic to formulate a clear thesis statement, a working outline and the facts that you will use to back up your argument.

Dealing with an argumentative essay introduction

When you are writing your argumentative essay, you have to make it interesting. This does not start with the body of the essay or from the evidence that you have. It starts right from the topic and flows to the conclusion. The interest of the reader is something that you have to keep in your mind while writing your essay. The introduction of your argumentative essay needs to be very interesting. As such, not every student can write an introduction that can capture the attention of the audience.

As such, it is crucial to look at how you can structure your introduction and make it interesting enough. A good introduction to your persuasive essay is like an opening statement in a trial. The write is supposed to present the topic in a manner that is logical, intellectual, and full of persuasion. This is how you do it:

  • Start with a hook
    Start your introduction using words that will pique the reader’s attention once they get in touch with your essay. To do this, you can use a quote, a personal story, surprising statistic, or a fascinating question. This strategy will leave the reader drooling for more details and as such, delving into the body of your argumentative essay.
  • Include relevant background
    In your introduction, give the readers background information that allows them to get a better understanding of your topic. It contextualizes your essay as well as the point that you are arguing. When you write this way, the introduction will remain reliable and effective.
  • Stating your thesis
    This is the essence of your entire persuasive essay. It is supposed to be written in one or two clear sentences that summarize the point that you are trying to make in your essay. Use your thesis statement to assert your petition on the topic. This topic should be one that the reader can also argue against. Your thesis does not have to be a fact. Narrow down your thesis statement to ensure it conforms to the requirements of your argumentative essay assignment.

What to leave out in your argumentative essay introduction

If you want to have a good argumentative essay introduction, you should not describe arguments or provide analysis that belongs to the body paragraphs. It is supposed to introduce your point and set up your argument instead of providing evidence.

Another thing to note is that you are not supposed to explicitly announce the way you are going to argue your point. This will not add any effect to your introduction. Keep your introduction interesting and leave the reader with an impression of going into the essay to find out more about your topic.



The body paragraphs

The body paragraphs if your argumentative essay must use evidence to support your thesis statement. Make sure that the body paragraphs should have a defined opposing perspective. When writing the body of your paragraph, you are supposed to consider the following:


  • One point per paragraph
    Each of the paragraphs that you include in the body of your essay should stick to one idea. This idea is expressed in the topic sentence of each paragraph. It is then supported by three or four sentences. Everything you discuss in each of the paragraphs should support your central argument. It is a sure way to persuade the audience into believing your perspective.
  • You have to show the connection of to the thesis regarding how and why
    You have to explain to your audience how your thesis answers the how and why questions.
  • Ensure that you have incorporated at least one paragraph to the opposing view
    This will show that you recognize diverse opinion on the topic. However, you have to show its inconsistency with your perspective.
  • Use evidence to support your argument
    To make your argumentative essay effective, you have to use relevant evidence to back your claim.
  • Sources make your argument authoritative
    When you are using literature work in your argumentative essay, ensure that there are reliable and credible. They make your pointy of view authoritative. As such, you have to ensure that the citation and referencing of these works conforms to the referencing style s preferred by the instructor. The evidence that you use in your argumentative essay can be facts, personal anecdotes, logic, or statistics.
  • Avoid summarizing information
    The body paragraphs develop your ideas. As such, you are not supposed to summarize any information therein. Do not write anything conclusive in the body of your paper as that will come later as you progress.

The Conclusion

This paragraph re-emphasizes your thesis statement and goes beyond simple rewording. Instead, you have to synthesize the evidence from the body paragraphs with your thesis statement. Your conclusion does not allow you to introduce any new evidence, facts, or information. This would negate the idea of providing closure to the essay as well as the audience. To write a persuasive conclusion, you will have to review the essay from the beginning. Remember that you are convincing the reader into believing your point of view. Use logic to achieve this objective.

Incorporating the opposing views in your argumentative essay

It is necessary for you to include the opposing perspective in your essay. The readers have to draw the same conclusions that you have. To do that, you must provide them with an understanding of the opposing viewpoint. When you are writing this part, do not simply state that the position is inconsistent. Instead, elucidate on why the argument does not align with your thesis because it is either outdated or it is based on misinformation. As such, the reader will be able to infer a meaningful conclusion since he understands the two sides of the story.

When you are presenting the opposing perspective, you have to be fair, objective and accurate. Let the audience arrive at their conclusions. If you write a strong and convincing point that is logical and easy to follow, you will be able to open the minds of the audience to believe in what you are saying.

Proofreading and editing

Once you finish writing your essay, it is time now for you to put everything in its correct form. You have to read the essay from the start to the end noting all the mistakes that are there. The second step is to correct every mistake that relates to grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Read your paper aloud to finds out if there are inconsistencies in sentence structure and awkward phrases

Make the appropriate corrections

You can also get another pair of eyes to go through your argumentative essay. They will be able to notice mistakes that you might have overlooked not because you knew it, but because your eyes are too familiar with the text. Use the feedback they give you to refine your essay accordingly. Remember to always stick to instructions. As you edit your piece, ensure that you have remained within the confines of your thesis statement.


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